Scientific Name: Euplectes afra
Origin: West Africa
A lively and active weaver, which can be aggressive during the breeding season.
Size: 10 cm (4 in) COCK:
Head: thick yellow ruff. Back: yellow. Body: black and yellow. Wings: black and buff. Throat: yellow. Eyes: black. Beak: black. Legs: black.
Alike, so it is not possible to sex birds by appearance outside the breeding season when both the cock and hen are light greyish-brown in color.
When buying any type of weaver, look for bright eyes, a clean vent, and well-shaped legs and feet. Scruffy feathers are not a sign of ill health in this species, as it is a soft-feathered bird,, and plumage is easily damaged.
Mixed millets and plain canary seeds form the basic diet. Green food, grit, and cuttlefish bone should always be available. This hardy species may winter outside during the day but should be provided with a dry, frost-proof shelter or unheated room at night.
A nest is constructed in a nest box, which should be provided. The weaver also uses old nests, vacated by other weavers, fashioned to its liking.
Three to four eggs form an average clutch and incubation takes 12 days.
Both parents take turns sitting on the eggs by day and roost in the nest box at night. Chicks fledge in three weeks.
During the breeding season, the cock’s display is amusing to watch. He puffs out his feathers to display his yellow ruff to his best advantage.
- The bird should be kept in a large-sized aviary with trees planted in it.
- Keep only one pair of birds per aviary.
- Do not include other species of birds as well. The birds are to be kept separately to avoid hybridization with some species of birds belonging to the weaver family. The cock bird becomes very aggressive during the breeding season. It guards and protects the nest and the chicks. So, you are recommended to keep the pair of Napolean weaver birds in a separate aviary.
- The birds are not suitable for keeping in cages, especially if you want to try your hands at breeding.
- Ideally,, the birds should be kept in aviaries that have dense shrubs, tall grasses,, and potted bamboo trees. Though for some temporary period, a fully grown Napolean weaver can be kept in a cage it should be shifted to an aviary as early as possible.
Napolean Weaver Information
- The birds are the smallest specie of the weaver family.
- It is regarded as one of the rare species of birds.
- The cock undertakes the task of building a basket-shaped nest so that the female bird can lay eggs and rear chicks.
- Though small in size but the male birds are quite aggressive while guarding their territory.
- The male birds can breed with more than one hen in a single season. Generally, a tri or two hens and one male work best for producing healthy chicks.
The birds tend to dominate weaker species of birds.
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